Methods and Processes

The Task Force is committed to using a clear, consistent, and transparent recommendation development process so that health care professionals, partners, and the American public can understand and trust its work. The Task Force documents its methods in a procedure manual and other resources to ensure that the recommendations and evidence reviews are consistently of high quality, methodologically sound, scientifically defensible, reproducible, and unbiased. This page includes links to resources and published articles about Task Force methods.


U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Procedure Manual

U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Procedure Manual

Learn about the methods used by the Task Force to ensure that the recommendations and evidence reviews are scientifically sound, reproducible, and well documented.

Read the Procedure Manual


Standards for Guideline Development

Standards for Guideline Development

Learn how the Task Force’s processes align with the National Academy of Medicine's recommendations for trustworthy, evidence-based guideline development.

Learn more


Key Methods and Processes Information

Key Methods and Processes Information

General Methods Articles | Special Populations Articles | Technical Briefs and Other Evidence Reports

General Methods Articles

Read articles that provide further details on the Task Force’s methodology.

1/25/2021 Addressing Systemic Racism Through Clinical Preventive Service Recommendations from the US Preventive Services Task Force
7/14/2020 Developing Primary Care–Based Recommendations for Social Determinants of Health 
9/24/2019 Improvements to the US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement (Fact Sheet, PDF File, 45 KB; 1 Page)


What Evidence Do We Need Before Recommending Routine Screening for Social Determinants of Health?


AJPM Supplement: Advancing the Methods of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

Use of Decision Models in the Development of Evidence-Based Clinical Preventive Services Recommendations (PDF File, 202 KB)


Evidence-Based Clinical Prevention in the Era of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act


Behavioral Counseling in Primary Care: Perspectives in Enhancing the Evidence Base


Behavioral Counseling Research and Evidence-Based Practice Recommendations


USPSTF: An Evidence-Based Prevention Resource for Nurse Practitioners (PDF File, 510 KB)


Update on Methods: Insufficient Evidence (PDF File, 229 KB)


Update on Methods: Estimating Certainty and Magnitude of Net Benefit (PDF File, 90 KB)


Current Processes: Refining Evidence-Based Recommendation Development (PDF File, 101 KB)


Update on Methods: How to Read the New Recommendation Statement (PDF File, 302 KB)


Integrating Evidence-Based Clinical and Community Strategies to Improve Health (PDF File, 378 KB)


Shared Decision making About Screening and Chemoprevention (PDF File, 106 KB)


Behavioral Counseling Interventions: An Evidence-Based Approach (PDF File, 178 KB)


Current Methods of the USPSTF: A Review of the Process (PDF File, 274 KB)


AJPM Supplement: Introducing the Third U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

Specific Populations Articles and Resources

Read articles and other resources that provide details on methods relevant to the development of Task Force recommendations for specific populations based on sex, age, race/ethnicity, and other factors. A summary of the Task Force's approach to specific populations is available on the Specific Populations page.


Developing Recommendations for Evidence-Based Clinical Preventive Services for Diverse Populations


An Approach to Addressing Subpopulation Considerations in Systematic Reviews


USPSTF Approach to Child Cognitive and Behavioral Health (PDF File, 134 KB)


USPSTF Analytic Framework for Child and Adolescent Health Topics


Challenges in Synthesizing the Evidence on Interventions to Prevent Functional Decline in Older Adults (PDF File, 1.1 MB)


Individualizing Cancer Screening in Older Adults (PDF File, 211 KB)


USPSTF Perspective on Evidence-Based Preventive Recommendations for Children


Common Syndromes in Older Adults Related to Primary and Secondary Prevention (PDF File, 4.9 MB)


Values of Older Adults Related to Primary and Secondary Prevention (PDF File, 522 KB)


Reconsidering the Approach to Prevention Recommendations for Older Adults (PDF File, 359 KB)

Technical Briefs and Other Evidence Reports

Read evidence reports that are not associated with USPSTF recommendations.


Primary Care-Relevant Interventions to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder: Current Research and Evidence Gaps (PDF File, 642 KB)

Note: All publications are reflections of the Task Force’s methods at the time of publication. For current Task Force methods, please refer to the Task Force’s Procedure Manual.

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    Current as of: June 2021

    Internet Citation: Methods and Processes. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. June 2019.