Archived Clinical Summary
Blood Pressure in Adults (Hypertension): Screening
Originally published on: January 15, 2014
This recommendation statement is currently archived and inactive. It should be used for historical purposes only. Click here for copyright and source information .
Disclaimer:Recommendations made by the USPSTF are independent of the U.S. government. They should not be construed as an official position of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality or the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
Archived: Clinical Summary of U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation
This document is a summary of the 2007 update of recommendations of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) on screening for high blood pressure. This summary is intended for use by primary care clinicians.
For a summary of the evidence systematically reviewed in making these recommendations, the full http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org.
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|Population||Adult General Population1|
Screen for high blood pressure
High blood pressure (hypertension) is usually defined in adults as: systolic blood pressure (SBP) of 140 mm Hg or higher, or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) of 90 mm Hg or higher.
Due to variability in individual blood pressure measurements, it is recommended that hypertension be diagnosed only after 2 or more elevated readings are obtained on at least 2 visits over a period of 1 to several weeks.
The optimal interval for screening adults for hypertension is not known.
The Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC 7) recommends:
|Suggestions for Practice||
A variety of pharmacological agents are available to treat hypertension. JNC 7 guidelines for treatment of hypertension can be accessed at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/guidelines/hypertension/jncintro.htm.
The following non-pharmacological therapies are associated with reductions in blood pressure:
|Other Relevant Recommendations from the USPSTF||
Adults with hypertension should be screened for diabetes.
Adults should be screened for hyperlipidemia (depending on age, sex, risk factors) and smoking. Clinicians should discuss aspirin chemoprevention with patients at increased risk for cardiovascular disease.
These recommendations and related evidence are available at http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org.
1. This recommendation applies to adults without known hypertension.
Copyright and Source Information
This document is in the public domain within the United States.
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Internet Citation: Clinical Summary: Blood Pressure in Adults (Hypertension): Screening. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. October 2014.