Bladder Cancer in Adults: Screening
Recommendations made by the USPSTF are independent of the U.S. government. They should not be construed as an official position of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality or the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
Clinical Summary of U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation
This document is a summary of the 2011 recommendation of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force on Screening for Bladder Cancer. It is intended for use by primary care clinicians. This summary was first published in Annals of Internal Medicine (Ann Intern Med 2011;155:247).
Release Date: August 2011
Grade: I (Insufficient Evidence)
Risk factors for bladder cancer include:
Screening tests for bladder cancer include:
The principal treatment for superficial bladder cancer is transurethral resection of the bladder tumor, which may be combined with adjuvant radiation therapy, chemotherapy, biologic therapies, or photodynamic therapies.
Radical cystectomy, often with adjuvant chemotherapy, is used in cases of surgically resectable invasive bladder cancer.
|Balance of Harms and Benefits||
There is inadequate evidence that treatment of screen-detected bladder cancer leads to improved morbidity or mortality.
There is inadequate evidence on harms of screening for bladder cancer.
|Suggestions for Practice||
In deciding whether to screen for bladder cancer, clinicians should consider the following:
|Relevant USPSTF Recommendations||Recommendations on screening for other types of cancer can be found at www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org.|
For a summary of the evidence systematically reviewed in making these recommendations, the full recommendation statement, and supporting documents, please go to http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org.
Disclaimer: Recommendations made by the USPSTF are independent of the U.S. government. They should not be construed as an official position of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality or the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
Internet Citation: Clinical Summary: Bladder Cancer in Adults: Screening. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. October 2014.