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Vitamin Supplementation to Prevent Cancer and CVD: Counseling

Release Date: February 2014

Recommendation Summary

Summary of Recommendations and Evidence

PopulationRecommendationGrade
(What's This?)
Use of Multivitamins to Prevent Cardiovascular Disease or Cancer

The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of the use of multivitamins for the prevention of cardiovascular disease or cancer. 

 
The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of the service. Evidence is lacking, of poor quality, or conflicting, and the balance of benefits and harms cannot be determined.
Single- or Paired-Nutrient Supplements for Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease or Cancer

The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of the use of single- or paired-nutrient supplements (except β-carotene and vitamin E) for the prevention of cardiovascular disease or cancer. 

The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of the service. Evidence is lacking, of poor quality, or conflicting, and the balance of benefits and harms cannot be determined.
Use of β-carotene or Vitamin E for Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease or Cancer

The USPSTF recommends against the use of β-carotene or vitamin E supplements for the prevention of cardiovascular disease or cancer. 

The USPSTF recommends against the service. There is moderate or high certainty that the service has no net benefit or that the harms outweigh the benefits

See the Clinical Considerations section for suggestions for practice regarding the I statements.

Clinical Summary

Clinical summaries are one-page documents that provide guidance to primary care clinicians for using recommendations in practice.

This summary is intended for use by primary care clinicians.

 
Current as of: September 2013

Internet Citation: Recommendation Summary. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. September 2014.
http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/Page/Topic/recommendation-summary/vitamin-supplementation-to-prevent-cancer-and-cvd-counseling

USPSTF Program Office   540 Gaither Road, Rockville, MD 20850